The Department of Transportation uses various agencies and federal laws to create regulations in order to prevent automotive fatalities and injuries. These regulations are used to train vehicle operators in areas such as longer combination vehicle (LCV) driving, hazardous material transportation and beginning driver training.
Longer combination vehicles are tractor-trailer combinations. LCV drivers get Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) training in the areas of basic operations, safe operating practices and advanced operations. This training is also applied to LCV double and tiple tractor-trailers and drivers must pass a testing process to receive certification.
According to the DOT Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Administration (PHMSA), DOT is required to regulate the training of all hazardous materials employees. DOT uses the Federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Law to instruct employees in areas such as safety awareness, reducing hazmat incidents, hazmat driver training and security awareness. Employees have to receive this training within 90 days.
DOT provides entry level driver training for vehicle drivers in the transportation industry. FMCSA training regulations for drivers include health requirements, evaluating driving records and qualification procedures.