[box type="shadow"]Freight broker surety bonds are purchased from authorized bond dealers by freight broker companies. A freight broker is a person who serves as a liaison between an authorized freight carrier and a company that wants to ship goods. A freight broker purchases surety bonds, as a form of insurance, and arranges the shipment. The surety bonds guarantee that both the shipper and the owner of the goods complete their obligations required in the deal.[/box]
[box type="shadow"]Freight Broker Bond
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) requires that every freight transportation operation that involves a property broker obtain a Freight Brokers Bond (known as “BMC-84″) from a qualified surety. The bond must be for $10,000 and the FMCSA will refuse to license anyone as a property broker unless such a bond is in effect. A property broker’s license is only in effect so long as the surety bond remains in effect. If a property broker does not qualify for such a bond, the FMCSA will accept as an alternative a trust fund for $10,000 with a qualifying financial institution, called a BMC-85.
Insurance Broker Bonds
Regulation of insurance companies is generally done at the state level, and requirements for insurance broker bonds will be found at the department of insurance of each state. Although regulations will vary from state to state, insurance broker bonds are generally required to protect any member of the public who may be wronged as a result of action by a licensed insurance broker. Each state will specify its own requirements for total bond amount, as well as specific language for the bond. If the insurance broker desires to conduct business in more than one state, he will have to obtain a separate bond in each state.
Mortgage Broker Bonds
Like insurance bonds, mortgage broker bonds are regulated at the state level and each state will have its own set of rules and regulations. Mortgage brokers doing business in more than one state will likewise have to obtain a separate bond in each state. The purpose of the mortgage bond is to ensure that the broker will follow state law and the bond is posted as a condition of obtaining a license to operate his business. The requirements of each state’s mortgage bond will specify the state laws being guaranteed by the bond and the penalty amounts for any violation. Most reputable surety companies will maintain a ready list of each state’s requirements for mortgage broker bonds.